Can endometriosis cause miscarriage | Breaking the Taboo and Building Awareness

Can endometriosis cause miscarriage

Can endometriosis cause miscarriage? You may have wondered if endometriosis (a gynecological problem) can result in miscarriage. The question lingers on the mind of many women when they are diagnosed with a condition which is often disruptive and painful.In this article, we will explore the relationship between endometriosis and miscarriage, providing you with valuable insights into this topic.

What is Endometriosis?

Understand what endometriosis really is before we talk about the relationship between it and miscarriage. It is an ongoing condition that causes the endometrium (the tissue that forms the lining of your uterus) to grow outside the uterus. This abnormal tissue may grow in the intestines and bladder or even fallopian tubes.

What causes endometriosis?

The condition endometriosis can be defined as the development of tissue outside the uterus that looks like the lining. Although the cause of endometriosis has not been fully determined Although there are several hypotheses highlighting the mechanism of endometriosis but these hypothesis are not widely accepted.

These hypothesis include:

There are several factors are thought to be responsible for its growth.Here are some possible causes of endometriosis:

Genetics: Genetics are considered one of the main causes of endometriosis. There are some families that have an increased predisposition, which suggests a genetic component. [ 1]. A family history of the disease increases your risk [ 2].

Hormonal imbalance: Endometriosis is a result of hormonal imbalance. The hormonal fluctuations during menstruation can lead to the growth and shedding of misplaced tissue, causing inflammation, pain and adhesions [ 2].

Retrograde Menstruation: This occurs when the menstrual fluid containing endometrial cell flows through the fallopian tube and back into the pelvic area instead of leaving the body. Endometriosis can result from these displaced cells.

Immune system dysfunction: Researchers suggest that immune system dysfunction or a weak immune response may be responsible for the development of Endometriosis. The immune system may be compromised, and fail to identify and remove the endometrial tissues that are misplaced. This allows them to continue to grow [ 2].

Environment Factors: Certain environmental factors such as exposures to chemicals and toxins may increase your risk for developing endometriosis. Despite the limited evidence, some studies suggest that endometriosis may be linked to exposures to chemicals such as PCBs, dioxins, and other toxic substances.

What are the symptoms of Endometriosis?

What are the symptoms of Endometriosis?

The severity of endometriosis symptoms and their presentation can differ from one person to another.

  1. Pelvic Pain: Endometriosis is often characterized by pelvic pain. The pain can be mild or severe, and it may happen before or during menstruation or sexual activity (dyspareunia), as well as in chronic form [ 2].
  2. Infertility: Endometriosis is associated with difficulty getting pregnant or infertility. This condition can affect fertility through structural changes, hormonal imbalances, and inflammation.
  3. Abnormal Bleeding: Some endometriosis sufferers may have irregular bleeding such as spots between periods [ 1].
  4. Gastrointestinal Symptoms: Endometriosis may cause symptoms in the digestive tract such as nausea, bloating or stomach pain [ 2][ 3].
  5. Back or Lower Back Pain: Endometriosis can cause lower back or back pain.
  6. Dyspareunia: Endometriosis can cause pain during sexual activity, also known as painful intercourse.
  7. Umbilical or Diaphragmatic Symptoms: Endometriosis may affect the diaphragm or umbilicus in rare instances. Umbilical Endometriosis can cause redness, swelling or pain at the bellybutton [ 3]. Diaphragmatic Endometriosis may cause symptoms like coughing, coughing blood or a lot of pain in the shoulder, difficulty breathing and even infertility.

Types and stages of endometriosis

Types and stages of endometriosis
Image by Tea Lanisnik Rizner

This condition affects mostly women who are of reproductive age. The different types: Endometriosis may occur at various pelvic sites. These include:

Peritoneal Endometriosis: The presence of endometrial cells on the peritoneum [ 1], the outer lining the abdominal cavity, is this type.

Ovarian Endometriosis: This occurs when the endometrial tissue creates cysts inside the ovaries.[1]

Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis (DIE ): In this case, endometrial cells are found infiltrating deeper layers of the organ, including the bowels, ligaments, and bladder [ 1]

Umbilical Endometriosis: This is the rarest form of endometriosis, where tissue similar to endometrium grows on its own in the abdomen (umbilicus).[2]

ASRM classification of Endometriosis

ASRM classification (American Society for Reproductive Medicine), is widely used for staging and grading endometriosis. The ASRM classification helps health professionals determine the severity, size and location of endometriotic lesion, along with the presence of adhesions or extensions. This is a detailed overview of the search results.

ASRM Classification (Surgical Evaluation): ASRM classifies endometriosis according to four different stages. Stages reflect severity and extent of disease.

Stage I (Minimal): characterized by superficial, small lesions and minimal adhesions.

Stage II (Mild): characterized by deeper lesions that typically affect the fallopian tubes and ovaries, but with only minimal adhesions.

Stage III (Moderate): Includes multiple lesions with deep infiltration, involvement of ovaries and fallopian tube, as well as additional adhesions.

Stage IV (Severe): Characterized by deep, extensive lesions and adhesions.

Why do miscarriages’ happens?

There are many reasons why miscarriages occur repeatedly. A study of women with children found that 43% experienced a miscarriage in the first trimester. In a study of women who have had children, one in 17 experienced at least three miscarriages.

Many factors can lead to miscarriage. They include

  • older age
  • prior pregnancy losses
  • uterine abnormalities
  • poor health
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Infections
  • stress during pregnancy
  • smoking

Can Endometriosis Cause Miscarriage?

Can Endometriosis Cause Miscarriage?

Does endometriosis cause miscarriage? It is on the minds of many women whether endometriosis could cause miscarriage. This is not an easy yes/no question. Despite the fact that endometriosis is associated with a higher risk of miscarriage than other conditions, not all endometriosis sufferers will have a miscarriage. However, some women who have endometriosis are able to conceive by natural means. You may still be able conceive naturally if you only have mild to moderate endometriosis. More severe endometriosis makes it more difficult to fall pregnant.It is possible for miscarriages to be caused by a variety of factors.

On the bases of ASRM staging womens who falls in the stage 1 and 2 which is considered as the milder form of endometriosis are more prone for the miscarriage as compared to the womens who are suffering from more severe form of endometriosis like who are in stage 3 and 4.

Its a location based classification according to that womens with the superficial peritoneal lesions are at the highest risk after that deep infiltrating, and ovarian endometrioma can increase the risk of miscarriage.

  • A study which was conducted in 2016 revealed that endometriosis could increase the risk of miscarriage by up to 77% for women who had already been diagnosed with infertility. The risk was 67% higher for women who were not yet diagnosed. The study examined 964 pregnant women who were not affected by endometriosis, and 478 pregnancy cases with histologically confirmed endometriosis. Dr. Alan Lindemann is an obstetrician who specializes in maternal mortality. He says endometriosis remains a mystery when it comes miscarriage risks.

Endometriosis is certainly one of the main reasons why it is difficult to become pregnant. It may also make it difficult to get pregnant, Dr. Lindemann adds.

  • One study found that endometriosis patients have a miscarriage risk of nearly 80 percent. The studies that were conducted in 2016 and 2017.
  • One study which was conducted in 2017 revealed that the milder forms of endometriosis were associated with a higher risk of miscarriage.
  • A meta-analysis comparing women who are pregnant with and without endometriosis revealed that it can be an important risk factor in miscarriages.
  • Another retrospective observational study of 268 pregnant women in reproductive age showed that endometriosis was associated with higher miscarriage rates (35.8%), compared to controls in good health (22%). This study found that mild endometriosis with superficial lesions can cause an inflammation that interferes with egg maturation and fertilization.
  • One large study called Danish study, which included almost 30,000 women with endometriosis diagnosed between 1977 and 2017, compared with 300.000 controls, found that there was an association to pregnancy loss or recurrent loss of pregnancy, and also, the relationship strengthened as the number of miscarriages increased.[1][2][3]

So why does endometriosis cause miscarriage? what is the exact mechanism behind For us to truly understand the link between endometriosis and miscarriage that how endometriosis can cause miscarriage or a loss of pregnancy, it is necessary to examine its underlying mechanism.The uterus’s altered function and increased inflammation are thought to be causing the damage.

Endometriosis can affect the ability of a woman to carry her pregnancy to term due to structural and inflammation changes. Endometriosis, for example, can change the shape of your abdomen and interfere with embryo development. Adhesions (scar tissue) can prevent a fertilized ovum from developing normally, resulting in an ectopic birth.

Dr Lucky Saraswat presented the findings in Lisbon. He said, “Somethings cannot change, like an ectopic or miscarriage. Early intervention will probably lead to better outcomes for women.

Her statement said that such women might need additional monitoring during pregnancy, including more ultrasounds.

Professor Andrew Horne is a consultant gynaecologist with the MRC Centre for Reproductive Health, University of Edinburgh. He said that most endometriosis sufferers would naturally become pregnant.

These new findings may suggest we need to alert women who have endometriosis and become pregnant about their increased risk for both early and later complications during pregnancy. They may also warrant an increase in antenatal surveillance.

Researchers say that endometriosis could create an inflamed environment around the pelvis. This chronic inflammatory process can interfere with the normal implantation of a fertilized embryo, increasing the risk of miscarriage.

It is important to understand that inflammation can play a role in endometriosis and miscarriage. A chronic inflammation environment caused by endometriosis interferes with the delicate balance necessary for a pregnancy to be successful. It can interfere with the delicate balance required for a successful pregnancy.

Risk Factors for Miscarriage in Women with Endometriosis?

While endometriosis in and of itself can cause miscarriage risk, some factors increase that likelihood.

Endometriosis Increases Risk: Women with Endometriosis are at a higher risk for miscarriage. [ 2]. Endometriosis, a gynecological condition characterized by endometrial tissues outside of the uterus that can cause reproductive problems.

Infertility diagnosis: Women with both infertility and endometriosis are at an increased risk of miscarriage. The type of infertility and any specific issues or conditions can affect the miscarriage risk.

Previous Miscarriages : Women who suffer from endometriosis are more likely to experience a miscarriage if they have had a miscarriage in the past, even if it was spontaneous. [ 8].

Age: The age of a woman is one factor that can influence the risk for miscarriage. Women with endometriosis are at a higher miscarriage rate if their maternal age increases [ 8]. However, it’s important to note that age alone is not specific to endometriosis-related miscarriages and applies to the general population as well.

Impact of Endometriosis on Fertility?

Endometriosis is a condition that can negatively impact women’s ability to conceive. In addition, the scar tissue and adhesions caused by endometriosis affects the function of the reproductive system, including ovulation. The endometriosis of women can cause difficulties in getting pregnant.

The endometriosis may have an impact on your fertility. These are the key findings based on Google search results regarding endometriosis’ impact on fertility.

Decreased Fertility: Women with endometriosis have lower fertility rates than those without it [ 1]. This is because the more severe endometriosis, which tends to affect fertility in a negative way [ 4], can have an impact.

Inflammatory response: Endometriosis’ inflammatory reaction can adversely affect fertility. It has been proposed that acute inflammation occurs in the body as it tries to eliminate endometriosis.

Diminished Ovarian Reserve: It has been shown that endometriosis can lead to reduced ovarian reserve, which is the quantity or quality (or both) of eggs present in the ovaries. This may further reduce fertility and chances of success [ 2].

Increased Risk of Infertility: Endometriosis can increase the chances that a woman will experience infertility. There are many factors that may contribute to this, such as hormonal imbalances or structural changes.[1]

Effectiveness of Fertility Treatments: It is important to note that fertility drugs alone may not significantly improve pregnancy rates in women with Endometriosis. It is possible that fertility drugs by themselves may not be able to improve pregnancy rates for women who have endometriosis.

Surgical Treatment and Fertility: Women with endometriosis in the early stages may benefit from surgical treatment such as laparoscopically excision. Surgery can have a variable impact on fertility, depending on a variety of factors. These include the disease stage as well as individual circumstances.[5]

Diagnoses and Treatment Options

Diagnosis of Endometriosis:

  • History:

History taking is the first and the most important part of your examination in which your doctor would take a detailed history including the symptoms your past medical history drug history and alot more to find out the reason behind.

  • Pelvic Examination:

Pelvic examination is an clinical exam to rule out any other causes that mimic the endometriosis. Pelvic examination include a visual inspection of the vagina and vulva and internal examination of the vagina.

  • Ultrasound:

Ultrasound is a non invasive short duration investigation which is able to identify the gross abnormalities. Your doctor may recommend transabdominal or transvaginal ultrasound for the investigation.

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

Sometimes doctor may recommended an MRI scan through which your doctor can visualize your internal organs more precisely. It gives accurate information about the endometriosis location and helps in planning for any surgical approach. It is an non invasive investigation for which there is no special preparation required.

  • Laparoscopy:

Currently, Laparoscopy is only method to diagnose endometriosis 55. This minimally-invasive procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia and allows your doctor to view inside of your abdomen.

Treatment Options

Treatment options for endometriosis can vary based on severity, reproductive goals and overall health. These are the most common treatment options that were found in search results.


Endometriosis pain relievers are non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Hormone therapy or birth control:

Oral contraceptives such as progestins, or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists may be prescribed to control the growth and shedding of endometrial tissue.

Surgery Options

Laparoscopic surgery is used for diagnosing and treating endometriosis. Laparoscopy allows the surgeon to remove adhesions and cysts as well as endometrial lesion. This relieves symptoms 5.
Excision Surgery: The complete removal of the endometrial lesion is done by excision surgery. This is a surgical procedure performed by highly skilled surgeons in order to remove all abnormal tissue.

There are other treatment options:

Intrauterine Device (IUD). A hormone-containing IUD may be prescribed as a treatment for long-term control of symptoms and to reduce endometrial growth.

Lifestyle interventions:

Certain lifestyle modifications such as exercise and stress management may alleviate symptoms, improve well-being, and reduce the severity of certain diseases

How to prevent miscarriage with endometriosis

In the event that you suffer from endometriosis but are considering conceiving, you may want to take steps to minimize your miscarriage risk. Working with your provider, you can examine treatment options including hormone therapy, surgery to remove the endometriosis lesion, or assisted fertility technologies such as in vitro fertilization. They are designed to improve your chances for a successful pregnancies while decreasing the risk of loss.

Emotional Support and Coping Strategies?

Becoming emotionally prepared to handle the potential of miscarriage is important, especially for endometriosis patients who face other fertility issues. To get the emotional support you need, it’s important to join a support group, seek counseling, or ask for help from your loved ones. Enjoying self-care exercises, practicing mindfulness, and adopting stress-management techniques can all contribute to your overall wellbeing during this journey.

Maintaining Overall Reproductive Health?

While endometriosis does increase miscarriage risk, it is important to concentrate on your overall reproductive well-being. The following are some of the ways to do this: a good diet, regular exercise, stress management, and not smoking or drinking too much alcohol. It is important to take proactive measures in order to boost your chances of becoming pregnant.

Pregnancy After Miscarriage and Endometriosis?

Even though a miscarriage may be devastating, this doesn’t prevent you from conceiving and carrying a baby to term in the future. There are many endometriosis-affected women who have successfully carried a pregnancy to term. You must heal emotionally and physically after a missed pregnancy. Your healthcare provider can provide you with personalized advice.

Seeking Medical Advice?

The endometriosis problem and the miscarriage are unique to each individual. It’s important that you seek medical advice specifically tailored for your situation. Talk to a professional who is knowledgeable about reproductive health. This could be a gynecologist, or even a fertility specialist. This professional will be able to provide you with tailored guidance. He or she can also address your concerns and guide you through your pregnancy journey.


It is important to note that while endometriosis raises the likelihood of miscarriage for women with it, there’s no guarantee they will. It is important to understand the connection between endometriosis (which can cause miscarriage) and pregnancy. This, combined with proactive management of the condition, will increase your chance for a successful outcome. In order to navigate through their fertility journey, women who have endometriosis should seek out medical advice, learn coping skills, and focus on the overall health of the reproductive system.


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Can endometriosis cause miscarriage and be treated?

Although endometriosis will not go away completely, certain treatment methods can be used to reduce its symptoms. These treatments also improve fertility. Consulting a medical professional and researching appropriate treatment can help reduce the risk of a miscarriage.

Do all women with endometriosis have miscarriages?

Not all women who have endometriosis results in miscarriage. It is possible for miscarriage to be caused by a variety of factors. But the miscarriage risk is higher for women with endometriosis than it is for those who don’t have the condition.

Does surgery for endometriosis increase the chance of miscarriage or reduce it?

Surgery can be used to reduce the chances of miscarriage and improve fertility. The results of surgery are dependent on individual factors, so it is important to speak with a health care provider about the best course of action.

After miscarriage how long can I wait to try again for a baby?

Every individual will have a unique ideal waiting period for trying to conceive again following a loss of fetus. If you are unsure about your personal situation or health, it is best to speak with a doctor who can offer personalized guidance.

Can lifestyle modifications or natural remedies reduce the miscarriage rate in women with Endometriosis.

While certain lifestyle adjustments, such as managing stress and maintaining a health diet can help improve overall reproductive well-being, there is no natural remedy that will prevent miscarriage among women suffering from endometriosis. The best way to discover the most appropriate treatments is to collaborate with a healthcare provider.

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