How to treat low amh and high fsh? | FERTILITY FORTUNE

low amh and high fsh

Are you a woman in your 30s struggling with low amh and high fsh? Perhaps you’ve already done some research but still have questions. If so, you may have heard medical terms such as low Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) and high Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), which are two of the most common markers used to measure fertility. In today’s blog post, we will discuss what these tests entail, why they matter when it comes to fertility in women over 30, and ways that one can address their concerns if either of the results comes back abnormal. By understanding more about low AMH and high FSH levels, hopefully, this information can help guide you along your journey to having children or expanding an existing family.

What is Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH)?

(AMH) is produced by the cells of the ovaries. It is secreted into the bloodstream and acts as a circulating hormone. AMH levels can be measured to assess a woman’s ovarian reserve, which is the number of eggs that are remaining in her ovaries. A high level of AMH indicates a high ovarian reserve, while a low level indicates a low ovarian reserve. AMH decreases as a woman ages, and this decline can be used to predict the onset of menopause.

What is Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)?

Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is a gonadotropin, a glycoprotein hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland. FSH regulates and maintains the production, growth, pubertal maturation, and reproductive processes of the body. In males and females, FSH stimulates the growth and maturation of gametes. In the case of males, FSH stimulates the production of sperm by Sertoli cells in the testes; in females, FSH initiates follicular growth and oocyte maturation.

AMH and FSH levels by age

< 7.0 mlU/mL 2.1 ng/mL<33
< 7.9 mIU/mL1.7 ng/mL33 to 37
< 8.4 mIU/mL 1.1 ng/mL38 to 40
< 8.5 mIU/mL0.52 ng/mL>40

What are the causes of low AMH?

The anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) is produced by the ovaries and plays a role in follicle development and ovulation. A low AMH level indicates a lower number of follicles available for ovulation and may be associated with infertility.

There are several possible causes of low AMH levels, including:

Ovarian reserve decline:

The ovaries contain a finite number of eggs, and as a woman ages, her egg supply decreases. This can lead to decreased AMH production and lower levels in the blood.

Ovarian dysfunction:

Certain medical conditions, such as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), can cause the ovaries to malfunction and produce less AMH. PCOS is a common cause of low AMH levels in women of childbearing age.

Premature ovarian failure:

This condition occurs when the ovaries stop functioning before natural menopause. It can be caused by genetic abnormalities, autoimmune diseases, or certain medications. Women with premature ovarian failure typically have very low AMH levels.

What are the causes of high FSH levels?

High Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is a hormone that is produced by the pituitary gland. It regulates the development of follicles in the ovaries and is also responsible for stimulating ovulation. Levels of FSH begin to rise during puberty and reach a peak during the late twenties. After this, they begin to decline.

There are several possible causes of high FSH levels.

  • One is primary ovarian insufficiency, where the ovaries are no longer able to respond to FSH stimulation. This can be due to autoimmune diseases, genetic abnormalities, or certain infections.
  •  Another possibility is that the body is producing too much of the hormone LH, which can interfere with FSH production.
  •  PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) is another common cause of high FSH levels. In this condition, the ovaries produce too much testosterone, which disrupts follicle development and leads to an increase in FSH production.

What does low AMH and high FSH mean?

Both amh and fsh levels, together with estrogen, provide inside information about your egg count. FSH is produced by the pituitary gland, which stimulates the production of follicles to prepare for ovulation.AMH is secreted by early-growing follicles in the ovaries. Your chances of conceiving are greater if you have more follicles than you do. As we age, our ovaries become less likely to ovulate normally. The pituitary releases more FSH to try to encourage them to ovulate. This is because normal aging results in decreased blood flow to the eggs, which leads to a hormonal imbalance between reproductive organs and the brain.

Low levels of Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) and high levels of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) can be concerning. Low levels of AMH in the body indicate that fewer eggs are being generated, which could lead to fertility issues later on. High levels of FSH can indicate that there is an imbalance in the hormones necessary for a successful pregnancy, making it harder for the body to generate healthy eggs for fertilization.

 It generally means that your ovarian reserve is low, and your chances of conceiving are reduced. However, it’s important to talk to a doctor about your specific situation so they can provide more insight and advice on what you can do to improve your chances of conceiving.

 Luckily, there are treatments available for women struggling with these hormone imbalances. Consulting with a doctor or fertility specialist is always recommended to understand any underlying issues and get on the best treatment plan possible.

What causes low AMH and high FSH?

Low Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) and high Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) levels can be indications of a fertility problem. AMH is a hormone that controls the process of follicular growth in women’s ovaries, while FSH stimulates follicles to mature and produce estrogen.

  • Low AMH and high FSH can be caused by premature ovarian aging, which leads to reduced egg reserves over time;
  •  Primary ovarian insufficiency occurs when there are genetic or acquired defects in the ovaries;
  •  history of pelvic infections such as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID);
  •  medications
  •  lifestyle choices;
  •  endometriosis;
  •  Unknown factors.

 If a woman has been trying to conceive for some time without success, she should consult her doctor to investigate the reason behind low AMH and high FSH.

Can I get pregnant with high FSH and low AMH?

If you’ve been diagnosed with high FSH and low AMH, you may be wondering whether or not it is still possible to get pregnant. The answer is yes, but it may be more difficult for you than for someone without the condition. If your fertility doctor confirms that your AMH and FSH are too low to allow for a successful pregnancy, there are still treatments like IVF available. IVF can help provide an optimal environment in which mature eggs can grow and develop to make fertile embryos that can be successfully implanted into the woman’s uterus. Regardless of your diagnosis, it is important to speak with a fertility doctor who can discuss all of your options in order to get the best results.

Treatment for low AMH and high FSH

Women with low levels of Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) and high levels of Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) often struggle with infertility issues. Fortunately, there are a variety of treatments available specifically for these conditions. Other improvements can be made through diet and lifestyle changes or surgical procedures. It’s important to discuss all of these options with your doctor so you can find the best treatment plan for your specific needs.

There are many treatment options available for women who have abnormally low AMH levels and high FSH levels. Some approaches involve increasing hormones through the use of medications or supplements, while others focus on lifestyle changes such as reducing stress and improving diet. In addition, there is a range of natural therapies that can support reproductive health, including herbal tinctures, homeopathy, acupuncture, proteins, and minerals to regulate hormone levels. It is recommended to talk to your doctor, who can recommend the best course of action depending on your unique situation. With expert care and a little patience, it is possible to balance hormone levels through natural remedies or medical interventions.

How to increase ovarian reserve naturally?

Researchers believe that AMH levels can increase naturally, but it is not yet clear if this can happen. However, researchers believe that AMH Levels can be affected by lifestyle and personal health.

These foods may increase ovarian function and improve egg quality.


Oysters are rich in zinc and amino acids, which are vital for fertility and also improve the quality of eggs.


Berries contain high levels of antioxidants that provide protection for eggs from damage.

Leafy Greens

Folate is an essential nutrient for fertility. You can get this by eating green leafy vegetables like spinach or kale.


Omega-3 fatty acid is important for reproductive health. Eating fish such as salmon is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids.

Seeds and Nuts

Antioxidants are essential for egg health and fertility nuts and seeds are rich in vitamin E, which is a potent antioxidant.

Some studies also show that the Mediterranean diet can improve fertility. This diet is rich in healthy fats, vegetables, and fish.

Milk and eggs

Foods like milk and eggs are rich in vitamin D, which helps in regulating AMH levels.

Supplements that help fertility


It is an important antioxidant that helps protect eggs from damage and makes them healthier overall. It can also help in improving blood flow to the ovaries, which can boost egg production.


It helps to manage low levels of Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) and provides protection to the remaining ovarian reserves from further degrading. It also helps in healthy egg implantation and lowers the risk of miscarriage.


Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is produced naturally in our body that generates powerful effects in the form of testosterone and estrogen. Studies have shown that taking DHEA supplementation can improve egg quality and also improve pregnancy outcomes in females that had not responded to medications for ivf stimulation.

Vitamin-E and Selenium

Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that can help in increasing the level of AMH. It also raises the number of antral follicles. one study has suggested that selenium and vitamin E supplementation can restore ovarian function.


It is known for its fertility-enhancing properties. It has great effects on our reproductive health, which includes better egg quality live births and overall fertility.


It is an excellent antioxidant that has been shown to improve the blood flow of the genitals, also increase progesterone levels, and helps with increasing sexual libido and egg quality. It is a great supplement, especially if your goal is to conceive naturally.


Protect the ovarian follicles from oxidative stress. Helps in increasing the number of quality embryos and the maturation of oocytes. Taking melatonin supplementation can increase fertilization rates.

Omega 3 fatty acids

It is a great supplement that improves your health in many ways. This is not only good for your vital organs but also for fertility. There is enough research data available that proves that taking Omega 3 supplementation helps in better ovulations with greater pregnancy rates. Omega 3 also improves egg quality.

Note: Keep in mind that some of these supplements take time to act and show their full benefit to your fertility. So give them at least two months before passing judgment on their effectiveness.

While there is no assurance that they will work for every woman, consult your doctor to check whether any of these supplements are appropriate for you.

Lifestyle Changes to improve ovarian reserve

Exercise and weight loss

There’s no doubt that exercise is good for your health. But can it also help increase fertility? The answer may surprise you. While there’s no single answer to the question of how to increase fertility, research suggests that exercise can indeed play a role. One study found that just three months of regular exercise improved fertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a condition that can affect fertility. Other studies have shown that moderate exercise can improve egg quality and reduce stress levels, both of which are important for fertility. And, of course, getting regular exercise will help you maintain a healthy weight, which is another important factor in fertility. So if you’re trying to conceive, make sure to add some moderate exercise to your daily routine. It could make all the difference.

Low ovarian reserve and ivf

It is well known that fertility declines with age, but what many don’t realize is that there is a sharp decline in fertility once a woman reaches her early 30s. This is due to something called low ovarian reserve (LOR). LOR is the number of eggs a woman has left in her ovaries and is a predictor of how successful she will be in conceiving.

Assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) have yielded successful results for many women, as well as fertility drugs and hormones to assist with ovulation, allowing the body to produce healthy eggs and form a viable pregnancy.

IVF treatment for low ovarian reserve is a process by which a woman’s eggs are fertilized by a man’s sperm outside of the body, and then the resulting embryos are implanted back into the woman’s uterus. This treatment is often used when a woman has a low ovarian reserve, which means that she doesn’t have many eggs left in her ovaries. IVF can help these women become pregnant by using fertility drugs to stimulate egg production and then retrieving the eggs from the ovaries. The eggs are then fertilized with sperm in a lab, and the resulting embryos are implanted into the woman’s uterus. If all goes well, the embryo will implant itself into the lining of the uterus and begin to grow.


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Is FSH more important than AMH?

As far as the importance is concerned both these hormones has there own importance. If we measure the importance according to evaluation of ovarian reserve then both FSH and AMH are important but AMH is consider more superior then FSH.

Does high FSH always mean low ovarian reserve?

No high FSH does not always indicates low ovarian reserve as it can be raised in some other conditions as well like Primary ovarian insufficiency , PCOS, Ovarian tumor, or in genetic conditions like Turner syndrome.

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